We know that you probably have a number of questions about your child’s orthodontic needs – everything from how to tell if your child will need braces, how growth and permanent teeth will change that picture and if the jaw is growing correctly. That’s totally normal, and we want to help ease your mind about this process!
Every child’s dental and facial features are unique and evolve throughout their childhood. We keep an eye on them to determine the best time to intervene, and help you know what to look out for as things progress. Your next question is probably..
What are the indicators that your child may need orthodontic treatment (types of braces for kids)?
Crossbite in front or back teeth (upper teeth stuck behind lower teeth)
In a normal bite, the upper teeth cover the lower teeth. When the e upper teeth bite inside of the lower teeth it is called a crossbite. This could occur in the front or back teeth. Crossbite mostly results in a shift of the lower jaw when biting down. This shift during skeletal growth can create irreversible problems, which require surgical intervention to correct in adulthood.
Crowding (crooked teeth)
Children with small jaw bone or large size teeth don’t have room for their teeth to fit and end up with a crowded bite. This is what we commonly think of as crooked teeth – a very common reason people seek out braces. Consulting with an orthodontist around the age of 7-9 for crowding provides a chance to monitor it and identify the ideal time to intervene. One of the side effects of crowding is root resorption. This occurs as new adult teeth come in but don’t have enough space, so they begin to intrude into the roots of other adult teeth that have already come in. This can often be avoided under an orthodontist’s supervision.
Thumb sucking, lip sucking, mouth breathing, and chewing objects (such as a pencil) can create dental problems in children. Use of something called an orthodontic habit appliance can help eliminate these habits and correct the position of the teeth.
Abnormal growth in upper and lower jaws
Smaller upper or lower jaw can create a large gap between upper and lower teeth. Phase I treatment in a growing individual allows an orthodontist to redirect the growth. For example, here are two scenarios…
a) When the lower teeth bite in front of the upper teeth (called an underbite) it is most often an indicator of a smaller upper jaw in children. Underbite is rarely a consequence of large lower jaw in children, but this trend is different in teenagers.
b) A smaller lower jaw in children often results in a significant gap between top and bottom teeth. This gap could be due to flared out upper teeth. Clinical examination is required to identify the origin if the problem, which is excess space between top and bottom teeth.
What is the next step after the early treatment (phase 2 treatment)?
Children with phase I orthodontic treatment often pursue a second round of braces for two primary reasons: (i) to fine tune the bite and create an exceptional smile and (ii) unsuccessful treatment during the phase I requires second round of treatment with a different treatment plan that is tailored based on each individual’s bite. The gap between these two treatment varies between 3 and 5 years.
Financial information (Orthodontic treatment cost)
Braces for kids cost less than comprehensive orthodontic treatment for teens or adults. We also provide significant discount for our patients who continue their care for the second round of braces or Invisalign at our clinic. Additionally. Porth works with you to maximize your insurance benefits. Dr. Rooz is an in-network provider for some plans. We also submit claims on behalf of our patients for the majority of insurance providers.
We believe that orthodontic treatment should be tailored based on the patient’s financial needs. Porth offers numerous payment plans in order to eliminate any potential hardship with financial aspects of orthodontic care.